In this study, cyclogenesis was investigated over the Black Sea from synoptic-dynamic view. While the Black Sea has an important role in precipitation of northwest of Iran, a system that is formed over the Black Sea was selected and it affected Iran on 14th and 15th March 2009 (40 mm precipitation has occurred in some stations). Using archived data of NCEP / NCAR, absolute and thermal vorticity advection in 500hPa level and potential vorticity at 325 degrees Kelvin level were calculated. Within the development process the cutoff low was formed over the Black Sea and the difference between directions of the upper-level cutoff low at 250hPa level and surface low represents a strong baroclinicity which in turn supports cyclogenesis. The results show that the absolute and thermal vorticity advection in mid-level and potential vorticity anomaly has a fundamental role in creating cyclogenesis. In such a way that the absolute vorticity advection gets 15 times larger (about ), and cyclogenesis occurs when the mid-level trough axis is altered from northeast-southwest direction to northwest-southeast direction, and the polar jet will be combined with a subtropical jet. Also, a strong dependence of the cyclogenesis in initial stages occurs when a large upper level Potential Vorticity (PV) anomaly advected into a region where there is a meridional potential temperature gradient at low-level.
Hoskins, B.J., Mcintyre, M.E. and Robertson, A. W., (1985) On the Use Significance of Isentropic Potential-Vorticity Maps, Q.J., Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 111, p. 877-946.
Ramalingeswara, S., K. Muni Krishna., O. S. R. U. Bhanu Kumar, (2009) Study of Tropical Cyclone “Fanoos” Using MM5 Model- A Case Study. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 9, p. 43–51.
Flocas H. A. and Karacostas, T. S. , (1996) Cyclogenesis over the Aegean Sea: Identifications and synoptic categories, Meteor. Appl., 3, p. 53–61.
Trigo, I. F., Bigg, G. R., Davies, T. D, (2002) Climatology of cyclogenesis mechanisms in the Mediterranean, Mon.Wea. Rev., 130,549–569.
Alpert, P., Reisin, T., (1986) An early winter polar air mass penetration to the eastern Mediterranean, Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, p. 1411–1418.
Alpert, P., Neeman, B. U., Shay-El, Y., (1990) Climatological analysis of Mediterranean cyclones using ECMWF data, Tellus, 42A,p. 65– 77.
Maheras, P., Flocas, H. A., Patrikas, I., Anagnostopoulou, Chr., (2001) A 40 year objective climatology of surface cyclones in the Mediterranean region: spatial and temporal istribution, Int. J. Climatol., 21, p. 109–130.
Radinovic, D. , (1965) Cyclonic activity in Yugoslavia and surrounding areas, Arch. Meteorol. Geophys. Bioklim, 14(A), p. 391–408.
Hoskins, B.J. and Valdes, P.J.(1990) On the existance of Storm-Tracks. J. of the Atm.Sciences. Vol.47, No.15, p.1854-64.
Georgescu, F., S. Tascu, M. Caian, D. Banciu., (2009) A severe blizzard event in Romania – a case study. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 9, p. 623–634.
Kalnay, E., Kanamitsu, M., Kistler, R., Collins, W., Deaven, D., Gandin, L., Iredell, M., Saha, S., White, G., Woollen, J., Zhu, Y., (1996) The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American meteorological Society, 77(3), p.437-472.
Holton, J. R., (1992) An introduction to dynamic Meteorology, Academic Press Inc., San Diego, USA.
Nielson-Gammon, J. W., and D.A. Gold, (2008) Potential Vorticity Diagnosis in the Quasigeostrophic and Nonlinear Balance System. J. Atmos. Sci., 65, p. 172-188.
Pegahfar, N., Gharaylou, M., (2018) Sensitivity of an Axi-Symmetric Tropical Cyclone Model to Two External Parameters. International Journal of Coastal, Offshore And Environmental Engineering, 3(3), p. 41-51.
Hajivalie, F., Arabzadeh, A., (2017). A 3D Numerical Study of Cyclone Gonu Waves Impact on Ramin Port. International Journal of Coastal, Offshore And Environmental Engineering., 2(1), p. 33-41.
Ghafarian, P. (2023). A case study diagnosis of Cyclogenesis over the Black Sea. International Journal Of Coastal, Offshore And Environmental Engineering, 8(1), 26-30. doi: 10.22034/ijcoe.2023.378632.1019
Parvin Ghafarian. "A case study diagnosis of Cyclogenesis over the Black Sea". International Journal Of Coastal, Offshore And Environmental Engineering, 8, 1, 2023, 26-30. doi: 10.22034/ijcoe.2023.378632.1019
Ghafarian, P. (2023). 'A case study diagnosis of Cyclogenesis over the Black Sea', International Journal Of Coastal, Offshore And Environmental Engineering, 8(1), pp. 26-30. doi: 10.22034/ijcoe.2023.378632.1019
Ghafarian, P. A case study diagnosis of Cyclogenesis over the Black Sea. International Journal Of Coastal, Offshore And Environmental Engineering, 2023; 8(1): 26-30. doi: 10.22034/ijcoe.2023.378632.1019