Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science
University of Tehran
Increasing problems due to supplying energy demand conveyed researchers to find a solution in renewable energy resources and consequently marine engineers drew attentions towards wave energy which has the merit of higher energy density than the other resources. Oscillating Water Column (OWC) is one of the most propitious devices for capturing wave energy. Researchers have studied the device under different wave height and period conditions and they investigated various geometric parameters such as front wall draft and the chamber length. However, the effects of wave spectrum type or shape has not been investigated deeply yet. Different wave spectra have been developed for different places around the world but the focus of this study is on the two well-known spectra called JONSWAP and Pierson-Moskowitz to see how the type of the spectrum can impact on inner chamber fluctuation, pressure variation and reflection response of an offshore OWC. To achieve this goal, a 1:15 scale model of an offshore OWC was constructed in National Iranian Marine Laboratory. The results show that inner chamber free surface spectrum is affected by the type of incident wave spectrum. In another word, energy content at peak frequency was approximately 50% higher when the incident wave spectrum is of JONSWAP type. However, energy corresponding to sloshing frequency and total energy content in the chamber were almost the same for both types of the spectra. Pressure spectra inside the chamber showed a similar trend as free surface elevation. Although there was a little difference in reflection response of an OWC influenced by the type of spectra, this discrepancy was more pronounced in high frequency waves.