SPH Simulation of Waves Associated with Underwater Explosion

Document Type : Original Research Article


1 Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science (INIOAS)

2 Darya Bandar Engineering Consultant Company (DBC)


The current manuscript presents the validation of Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) techniques for wave generation by underwater explosion, utilizing the so-called DualSPHysics numerical model. This numerical method is used to analyze generated waves which are initiated by man-made or natural explosions below free surface level of sea. In spite of the modeling limitations (e.g. absence of open boundary conditions), reasonable agreement is accomplished with predictions of the existing formula as well as experimental results. This proved that SPH techniques such as incorporated in DualSPHysics are becoming a suitable alternative to existing classical approaches to this particular water waves problem. It is also provided an inherently more accurate computational for the prediction of wave characteristics generated by underwater explosions.